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托福写作用词要注意什么?

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 14-12-08
  • 编辑:hebe

托福写作用词要注意几点


    擅用名词化不仅体现了写作水平,更是一种思维方式。同学们在平时托福培训的训练中要注意:

    A 谓语动词的宾语部分
  原句:I do not know either what she meant or what he intends.
  名词化:I do not know either her meaning or his intentions.

  B 结合被动形式
  原句:If people decide without enough persuasive information,...
  名词化:If a decision is made without enough persuasive information,...

  C 取代诸如从句中“the fact that”的用法
  原句:The fact that I denied what he accused me of impressed the jury.
  名词化:My denial of his accusations impressed the jury.

  更好的名词化:

    a. When I denied his accusations, I impressed the jury.
  b. In denying his accusations, I impressed the jury.

  D 名词化部分用在there is/are的后面
  原句:We demand that the government stop taxing entertainment.
  名词化:There is a demand for an end to taxation on entertainment.
  原句:The floods considerably eroded the land.
  名词化:There was considerable erosion of the land from the floods.
  然而,有些时候,在我们的思维方式中认为理所应当使用“名词化”时,老外认为是没有必要的。

    比如:

  A 名词化部分跟在动词后面
  原句(名词化“冗余”):The police conducted an investigation into the matter.
  改后:The police investigated the matter.

  B 名词化部分作为主语
  原句:Our discussion is concerned with a tax cut.
  改后:We discussed a tax cut.

  C 连续进行名词化
  原句:
    a. First, she reviewed the evolution of the dorsal fin.
  b. There was a first a review of the evolution of the dorsal fin.
  改后:First, she reviewed how the dorsal fin evolved.

  D 连接部分名词化
  原句:Their cessation of hostilities was because of their personnel losses.
  改后:They ceased hostilities because they lost personnel.
  原句:The instability of the motor housing did not preclude the completion of the field trials.
  改后:Even though the motor housing was unstable, the research staff completed the field trials.


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