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托福写作之古今对比

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 17-10-11
  • 编辑:朗阁小编

本文中,朗阁老师旨在分析古今对比类型文章,找准切入点,形成正确的写作思路并分享一篇自创文章。

本文中,朗阁老师旨在分析古今对比类型文章,找准切入点,形成正确的写作思路并分享一篇自创文章。

 

首先,我们来看一篇来自于2016年托福考试的比较性文章:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Nowadays people are more willing to help the people they don’t know(for example, giving clothing and food to the people who need them) than people were in the past.

 

1. 分析题干,找到关键词,进行同义替换。

Be willing to help =  helpful/ obliging/ be prepared to help/ enthusiastic/ zealous

don’t know = strange/ unfamiliar/ alien/ unacquainted

In the past = in the old days/ previously/ before/ long time ago

Nowadays = these days/ currently/ at present day/ today/ in the contemporary society

其中后面两个关键词在之后分析的古今对比类文章中是重复的。找准关键词,在我们进行同义替换的过程中,我们会去思考题干的意思,解释题目中的现象,并联想到背后的含义和原因。

 

2. 寻找论点,给出立场。

Agree:

理由1:帮助他人可以达到精神上的满足。现在社会稳定发展,人们自身的物质水平显著提高,在解决了自身的温饱问题之后,可以有更多的时间和精力去追求精神世界的提升。对比以前人们缺乏稳定的环境,需要花更多的时间去解决自身的温饱问题。本段比较适合用对比法。

the main reason of individuals helping others currently lies in the fulfillment of spirit.

理由2:现在人们有更多的途径来获得这些信息,给与他们帮助。信息技术、网络的发展,都提供了途径让人们体现自己的热心。而以前封闭的环境让人们无从下手。本段比较后用举例法。

The proliferation of media and Internet provides considerable approaches for individuals to help others.

理由3:教育在相关领域的重视。现今很多学校会开展志愿者活动,孩子从小就接触到这些理念和思想,逐渐地就会形成乐于助人的行为。而过去的教育并不重视这些活动。

In addition, the emphasis of education on mental growth plays a crucial role in offering help to strangers.

 

Disagree:

理由1:现在的年轻人被宠爱、溺爱,形成了自私的心态,不乐意分享。

The main reasons I am so skeptical of the inclination of today’s youth to help people is that they are spoiled.

理由2:现在的社会环境让很多人冷漠,避而不谈。社会犯罪、暴力的出现减少了人们对陌生人的信任,从而不愿意帮助他人。

The widespread of alienation in current world can explain this phenomenon as well.

让步:现今学校中开展的志愿者活动在一定程度上可以形成帮助他人的意识。但是,这些形式逐渐成为大学入学的一部分标准,减少了人们主动性意识。

Admittedly, it is not entirely correct to say that all young people are selfish and do not help others. The number of volunteer organizations in schools and community suggests that there are many youths who understand the importance of helping our fellow man.

 

 

 

我们再来看一篇OG中的话题:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People now can better protect the environment than they could in the past.

 

题干理解:相比过去,现在人们可以更好的保护环境。同意方理由:人们科技的进步让人们有更好的设备或者措施去保护环境;环保意识的增强也可以解释这个现象。然后交代让步段过去人们环保行为即可。参考范文如下:

 

The environmental issues have long been treated as a significant problem for every government especially in the current world with the rapid growth of global economy and population. Some people have shown concerns that environment situation is getting deteriorated these days under poor protection by human being, while others  argue that people are capable of bettering protecting this living planet than ever. My perspective goes with the latter one considering the newly applied technology and the growing sense of sustainability.

 

First of all, countless technology in these days has been renovated in order to protect the environment. Accompanied with the aggravation in environment, technology innovations has been applied not only for the economic purpose, but also apparently, used for environment protection. For instance, as reported, with the help of the advanced application, scientists currently have successfully extracted the polluted sediments from the waste water by utilizing filters so as to achieve purification. In addition, the advent of biology fuels is highly likely to replace several traditional fossil fuels such as wood and oil. In this regard, the global warming issue could be largely resolved since the burning of carbon will be reduced to a certain degree, which can not be imagined in the past.

 

In addition, people these days gain a better sense of environmental sustainability. Admittedly, a number of businessmen in the past determined to sacrifice the environment for the development of economy. They cut down thousands of trees or their factories burned tons of fuels producing polluted gas merely for profit. However, nowadays there is an increasingtrend that people recognize the significance of protecting the environment, which will help the human being's survival in a long term. This growing sense of environmental sustainability from the public has pushed more and more companies to transform from the cost-oriented into the eco-friendly ones, making efforts to balance the profit and pollution.For example, the Microsoft company, as the leading software company around the world, recently launched a new program to develop new type of cleaning energy and also set the corresponding funding in the university of Cambridge mainly because Bill gates are aware of the shortage of fossil fuels will lead to the exhaustionin the future world. Besides, as for the public, the current education lay much stress on the eco-friendly consciousness. In the USA, most customers would like to prefer eco-certified products, even though these goods have higher prices than the normal one which do not acquire this label.

 

However, it does not necessarily mean that people living in the past did not hope to provide protection for environment. Apparently, the environment issue was never as severe as it is today since there was not population explosion nor the global warming problems. This may explain why it seems that people in the past lacks the sense or technology for environment protection.

 

In short, due to the rapid development of technology and the growing sense towards environment protection, nowadays the environment situation is under better protection than before. With this consciousness of ecosystem balance, joint effort around the world is being made for the sake of human development.

 

 

以上文章,主要针对托福独立写作中出现的古今对比类型的话题。本文分析了OG和真题的这类型文章,体现了在进行写作时主体段的论证思维和逻辑,希望对同学们的备考有所帮助。

 

如果还有什么疑问,可以在线咨询我们的老师。

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