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托福阅读指代题例题解析

来源:朗阁教育13-04-08编辑:PMC_ivy0人看过

托福阅读指代题目目前出的不是很多,我们只需要按照几个常用步骤解题就可以了。基本做法是一:向前找,二:主从句主语一致;三:注意数格 四:前文概括总结。

  托福阅读指代题目目前出的不是很多,我们只需要按照几个常用步骤解题就可以了。基本做法是一:向前找,二:主从句主语一致;三:注意数格 四:前文概括总结。
  这一节按照主从一致的基本标准做3个题目
  例一
  From early times pots were used in both religious and secular contexts. The imperial court commissioned work and in the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1279-1368) an imperial ceramic factory was established at Jingdezhen. Pots played an important part in some religious ceremonies. Long and often lyrical descriptions of the different types of ware exist that assist in classifying pots, although these sometimes confuse an already large and complicated picture。
  12. The word “these” in the passage refers to(2)
  ○ religious ceremonies
  ○ descriptions
  ○ types of ware
  ○ pots
  解析:画线句子中,although必然引导从句,所以these 应和主句的主语一样。主句Long and often lyrical descriptions of the different types of ware exist that assist in classifying pots,中,因为状语和of之后的后置定语都不是主要,tion又一定是名词后缀。所以tions一定就是主句主语。因此答案是B. 看似很难的题目,很简单就可以得出结论。
  例二
  Animals need natural periodic signals like sunrise to maintain a cycle whose period is precisely 24 hours. Such an external cue not only coordinates an animal''s daily rhythms with particular features of the local solar day but also—because it normally does so day after day-seems to keep the internal clock''s period close to that of Earth''s rotation。
  11. The word “it” in the passage refers to (1)
  ○ an external cue such as sunrise
  ○ the daily rhythm of an animal
  ○ the local solar day
  ○ a cycle whose period is precisely 24 hours
  解这个题,同样的道理我们一眼落实到这个句子上了Such an external cue not only coordinates an animal''s daily rhythms with particular features of the local solar day but also—because it normally does。。。;it 肯定和主句主语一致。找一下:not only do but also do明显是动词,前面的一定是主语。答案a
  例三:语序错乱,一样找
  They were designed to be put in places where these beings could manifest themselves in order to be the recipients of ritual actions. Thus it made sense to show the statue looking ahead at what was happening in front of it, so that the living performer of the ritual could interact with the divine or deceased recipient. Very often such statues were enclosed in rectangular shrines or wall niches whose only opening was at the front, making it natural for the statue to display frontality. Other statues were designed to be placed within an architectural setting, for instance, in front of the monumental entrance gateways to temples known as pylons, or in pillared courts, where they would be placed against or between pillars: their frontality worked perfectly within the architectural context。
  The word “they” in the passage refers to (1)
  ○ statues
  ○ gateways
  ○ temples
  ○ pillared courts
  这个题我们应该落实到画线句子。Where引导的从句是必然了。那主句的主语在哪里?我们看到前面有效标点符号或者说,明显界标性质的地方是for instance,而后面不成一句(地点怎么会是一句话呢)所以我们界定这个for instance作为插入语是在影响我们思维的,那么删掉好了。往前找,主语是Other statues,很明显没有跟它争的了:) 因为后面是动词“是”。直接找ABCD里面有Other statues的就好了。
 

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