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[托福机经]2016年11月26日新托福写作考题回顾

来源:朗阁教育16-12-14编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

下面为大家带来的是2016年11月26日新托福写作考题回顾,希望对大家有所帮助。

考试日期:

2016.11.26(上午场)

Task 1

INTEGRATED

综合写作

Whether the cave paintings of Lascaux were made to ensure the successful hunting.

 

阅读给出三种观点:

The cave painting of Lascaux (near south western France) dating back to 15,000 B.C.E, is among the finest examples of prehistoric art. Ever since it was discovered, scholars were puzzled over its purpose. According to a widely discussed interpretation, the cave painting was made to ensure the success of hunting. Several considerations are made to support this view.

 

First of all, there are animal subject matters in the cave painting. The animal figures are almost exclusively large mammals. These animals are bison, wild horses and extinct animals which are hunted by Paleolithic hunters. Some animals are wounded by arrows and spears. The figures even include seasonal migration of these animals.

 

Second, the figures of human in the cave painting include that people that appeared to have animal heads. These people could be hunters. In some traditional cultures, hunters usually disguise themselves with animal heads when they are hunting to avoid themselves from being discovered by animals they are hunting.

 

Third, the description of events on cave painting is believed to happen in reality. In many cultures, from Paleolithic age to ancient, to modern times, figures in the cave painting are not merely for decoration, they are believed to have magical power and usually have cultural meanings. So the Paleolithic people who created the cave painting of Lascaux might hope that they would hunt successfully by painting figures of successful hunting on the cave.

 

听力逐一反驳:

First, some of the animals people hunt are not appearing in the cave paintings, such as rhinoceros and cats. Reindeers should be in the painting; however, they are not. Also, there are just a small group of wounded animals in the painting, and no evident shows the relationship between these animals and people.

 

Second, the real meaning of the human figures in the cave painting is still unknown. We can see that in these paintings, human figures are not standing up, they seem to be horizontal, and some of them are at the back of the animals, just like they are sleeping. So no one knows the true meaning of the human figures.

 

Finally, in some cultures, people paint animal figures on the cave because they believe that by doing so, they can get the spirit of animals in the painting, and they also believe that they can communicate with these animals through special ceremonies. So they paint animals not for successful hunting, but for the magic power which can help them communicate.

Task 2   INDEPENDENT  独立写作

话题类别

社会类

考题文字:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is easier to become an educated person today than it was in the past.

本次写作考试点评:

本次新托福综合写作重复2015年12月19日大陆考题。

独立写作重复2014年3月16日、2012年11月24日大陆考题,是一道非常经典的今昔对比题目。考生在答题时,从现在和过去的各个角度分析即可,论述过程中注意今昔比较。以下是笔者给出的一个参考答案:

Agree:

1. The main reason is the easier access to various educational resources today. 除了上学接受传统的正规教育(formal education)之外,人们可以去很多其他机构(institutions)接受教育,或去职业学校(vocational schools)学习职业技能。除此之外,网上教育的发展(the development of online education/distance education)也让人们能足不出户上到很多高校的课(take classes offered by many prestigious universities without going out)。然而decades ago, 这些都是不太能想象的,所以现在的人即使学历不高(despite poor educational backgrounds)也可以变得博闻强识(knowledgeable)。

2. Another reason is that parents give increasing importance to children’s education. 这样的教育具体不仅仅表现在对孩子作业的监督,对考试成绩的关注,更多的是对孩子全方面能力的发展(development in an all-round way),因此从孩子小时候就带孩子去上各种辅导班(tutorial classes),兴趣班(interest-oriented classes),希望能够多开发孩子的智力和潜能(tap into intellectual potential)。这样的做法无疑让人们更容易变得well-educated。相反,以前的家长更多的只是关注孩子的physical development, 不会花太多的时间、精力来培养孩子,甚至希望孩子尽早工作,而不用多读书。

3. Finally, the role of government cannot be ignored either. 政府的政策保证了人们至少可以接受compulsory education, 在一些发达国家,人们甚至不用担心上不起大学,因此大部分人都能接受tertiary education。另外一些public libraries的设立,以及对教育重要性的宣传(the advertising campaigns of the importance of education),都让人们逐渐认识到接受教育的意义。以及,前文所提到的各种off-campus institutions也都是在政府的政策鼓励支持下才能逐渐发展。相反,以前没有这样的政策保障,很多人可能连最基本的教育都无法接受。

 

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