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[托福培训]教你如何写好托福写作中的"句"

来源:朗阁教育16-04-14编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

随话说,好的开头是文章的点睛之笔,是成功文章的最佳表现部分,可见文章中的句是至关重要的,下面小编就为大家介绍如何写好写作中的“句”。

随话说,好的开头是文章的点睛之笔,是成功文章的最佳表现部分,可见文章中的句是至关重要的,下面小编就为大家介绍如何写好写作中的“句”。


    托福作文采用不同的句子开头是使句子多样化的手段之一。我们造句及写作的时候不应该总是用“subject-verb-object”的结构顺序,而应该尽量用不同的方式展开一个句子。不同的句子开头既可以美化句子,同时也能使句子与句子之间自然过度,衔接自然,以免过于依赖过渡词,这些都会受到托福写作评分人的青睐。


    个中托福作文题目的开头都可以采用以下的任何一种方式:

 

1.用副词开头,常见的情形有:


    (1)副词修饰全句


    Luckily,hedidn’tknowmyphonenumber;otherwise,hewouldbotherme.


    Incredibly,HelenagotstraightAinherschoolreportthissemester.


    Interestingly,catsanddogscanhardlygetalongwellinahouse.


    修饰全句常用的副词有:


    obviouslyundoubtedly


    apparentlyfortunately


    clearlyunfortunately


    incrediblyluckily


    unluckilysurprisingly


    frighteningly


    这些副词大多数表示说话人对全句的看法,在意思上相等与“Itis...形容词that...”。e.g:


    Obviously,heisnervousaboutthetest.=Itisobviousthatheisnervousaboutthetest.Unfortunately,hetrippedoverandfellinthemud.=Itisunfortunatethathetrippedoverandfellinthemud.


    (2)强调副词


    Hurriedly,themandrewmeascratchmaptoshowmethedirection.


    Dangerously,thedrunkardspeddownthestreet.


    Slowlyandgently,snowflakesweredriftingdownfromthesky.


    (3)副词表示某一地域或某一领域


    Geographically,Canadaisthebiggestcountryintheworld.


    Financially,sheisindependent,butemotionallysheisdependent.


    2.用插入语开头,表示说话人的态度,或使句子的意思更加准确:


    Strangelyenough,Jenniferdoesnotenjoysunshineandbeach.


    Generallyspeaking,winterinVancouverisgloomy.


    类似的插入语有:


    nowondernodoubt


    inotherwordsinmyopinion


    inconclusioninfact


    asamatteroffact


    3.用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语开头,修饰句子的主语,表示主语的特征或状态:


    Frantic,theyoungmotherrushedoutthedoorwiththebabyinherarms.


    Tastyandcrisp,potatochipsareafavoritesnackforbothchildrenandadults.


    Happyathisgoodmarksatschool,thelittleboyskippedonhiswayhome.


    Desperateandhopeless,thepoormancommittedsuicide.


    4.用分词、分词短语开头:


    (a)修饰句子主语,表示主语所处的状态或主语同时进行的另一个较谓语动词次要的动作:


    Scared,thegirlmovedtimidlyandcautiouslyintothedarkroom.(状态)


    Chasedbymydearpetcat,themousedashedintoasmallhole.(状态)


    Spoiledbyhisparents,thenaughtyboyalwaysinsistsonthingshewants.(状态)


    Puffingandhugging,hefinishedhisrun.(另一动作)


    Lookingatherselfinthemirror,shefingeredhersilkscarfonhershoulder.(另一动作)


    (b)修饰谓语动词,表示原因、时间等


    Lyingdownonthecouch,hefeltmuchrelaxed.(时间)


    Feelingbored,sheturnedontheTVandswitchedfromchanneltochannel.(原因)


    Wantingtofindoutthebusinesshour,shecalledthestore.(原因)


    Havingcompletedtheform,hemaileditoutimmediately.(时间)


    5.用介词短语开头,表示句子谓语动词发生的时间、地点、方式、原因、条件等:


    Onseeinghimapproach,thegirlimmediatelyturnedherfacetoashopwindow


    pretendingtolookatsomethingthere.(时间)


    Aroundthecorner,acrowdgathered.(地点)


    Unlikehisfather,Petertouchesneithercigarettesnoralcohol.(方式)


    Duetothelimitofseats,hewasnotaccepted.(原因)


    Incaseoffire,usethestairways.(条件)

 


    6.动词不定式开头,强调谓语动词动作的目的:


    TocelebratethearrivaloftheMillennium,weheldagrandpartyinthehotel.


    Toshowmytrustonhim,Ideposited$10,000intohisbankaccount.


    7.用独立分词短语开头,使句子有正式的味道:


    Birdssinginginthetree,anotherroutinedaystarts.


    Seagullsflyingoverthewater,theoldfishermanflunghisfishingmeatintotheopensea.


    Adogfollowingthem,thepolicesearchedeverysuspect.


    8.用过渡句开头,表示此句与上下句的关系:


    Consequently,Isloweddowntoavoidafineticket.


    Infact,shewasakindheartedwoman.


    9.用同位语开头,表示主句位于动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件等:


    Asigningofficerofthebank,Janesignshernamehundredsoftimeseachdayatwork.


    ATVaddict,JimwatchesTVmoviesoneafteranothereveryeveninguntilaftermidnight.


    10.用副词从句开头,表示主句谓语动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件等:


    Whenyouareinneedofhelp,givemeacall.


    Whereveryougo,Ifollow.


    Sinceyourchildrenlovehamburgersandfries,wemightaswelleatinMacDonald.


    Asifitweresummer,everybodywearshortsandaT-shirt.


    Incasethatyougetlost,callmeatthisnumber.


    11.用名词从句开头,作整句的主语:


    Whetheryoutakethepositionornotmakesgreatdifferencetome.


    WhyIamunhappyissomethingIcan’texplain.


    Whattheyshoulddoabouttheholeintheroofistheirmostpressingproblem.


 

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